8/22/2021

Npm For Mac

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Node/NPM/Validator Setup - Mac Table of Contents. Then, run both node -v and npm -v to see the version numbers and check that both commands are installed and working. Jul 21, 2017 Once it's done, you can test to see both node and npm functioning by opening PowerShell (or any shell) and typing node -v and npm -v, which will check the version number. Installation on a Mac or Linux. In order to install everything on a Mac, we'll be running commands in Terminal.app, and Linux distributions vary. Install Node.js and npm.

This tutorial will help you to install Angular.js on your macOS operating system via command line. You must need to install Homebrew package manager on your macOS.

Step 1 – Prerequsities

Let’s start the installation of Node.js on your macOS system using Homebrew. So first update the Homebrew package manager index. Then you can install Node.js package in your MacOS system using the following command:

You have successfully installed Node.js on your system. Execute below command on the terminal to view the installed Node.js version info.

Step 2 – Install Angular/CLI on macOS

After installing the Node.js and npm on your system, use the following commands to install the Angular CLI tool on your system globally.

This command will install the latest available Angular CLI version on your macOS system. If you need any other Angular version on your macOS use one of the following commands as per required version.

Using the -g above command will install the Angular CLI tool globally. So it will be accessible to all users and applications on the system. Angular CLI provides a command ng used for command-line operations. Let’s check the installed version of ng on your system.

Step 3 – Create New Angular Application

Now, create a new application named hello-angular4 using the Angular CLI tools. Execute the commands to do this:

Output:

This will create a directory named hello-angular4 in your current directory, and create an application.

Step 4 – Serve Angular Application

Your basic Angular application is ready to serve. Change directory to hello-angular4 and run your Angular application using ng serve command.

You can access your angular application on localhost port 4200, Which is the default host and port used by Angular application.

  • http://localhost:4200


You can change host and port for running Angular application by providing –host and –port command line arguments.

The IP address 0.0.0.0 listens on all interfaces and publically accessible.

In order to use almost any development tools based in JavaScript, you'll need to know how to use npm and Node.js. Gulp, Grunt, and Webpack are a few examples of popular technologies you may have heard of that require a knowledge of the Node ecosystem.

I find myself writing about this over and over again in the prerequisites of an article I've begun to write. I'd prefer to write one definitive guide to refer to in the future, so here it is.

Prerequisites

  • Basic command line proficiency. Don't skip this step! If you don't know how to use the command line, you'll be fighting an uphill battle. The provided tutorial has everything you need to know.

Goals

  • Learn what Node.js and npm are
  • Set up Node.js and npm on Windows and Mac

What is Node.js?

JavaScript is a client-side programming language, which means it’s processed in the browser. With the advent of Node.js, JavaScript can also be used as a server-side language.

What is npm?

npm doesn't stand for Node Package Manager*, which means it’s the tool to connect to the repository containing all the Node.js programs, plugins, modules and so on.

*npm actually does not stand for 'Node Package Manager' but essentially that's what it is and does, so most people refer to it that way.

Local vs. Global

This is the most confusing concept to understand at first, so it's important to let this settle in. Traditionally, you're used to globally installing any sort of program or software on your computer. If you want Spotify, you'll download Spotify, and then it will be available to you.

With npm, you will have some global installs, but mostly everything will be done on a local project basis, meaning you'll have to install everything you need for each project in its own directory. If you want to have a project running Gulp and Sass, you'll create a directory, with a new npm install.

For future reference, any global installations will have the -g flag.

Installation on Windows

Installing everything on Windows is a breeze.

Install Node.js and npm

Node.js and npm can be installed from a download link. Go to the Node installation page, and download the Node installer. I have a 64-bit Windows 10 OS, so I chose that one.

Download npm for mac

Once it's done, you can test to see both node and npm functioning by opening PowerShell (or any shell) and typing node -v and npm -v, which will check the version number.

All set.

Installation on a Mac or Linux

In order to install everything on a Mac, we'll be running commands in Terminal.app, and Linux distributions vary.

Install Node.js and npm

We’re going to use Node Version Manager (nvm) to install Node.js and npm.

ForNpm For Mac

Open the ~/.bash_profile file, and make sure source ~/.bashrc is written in there somewhere. Restart the terminal.

Run the install command.

Run the use command.

Now that Node.js and npm are installed, test them by typing node -v and npm -v.

All set.

Create a Project

At this point, you're set to start setting up Gulp, Webpack, Browserify, or whatever your aim is. We can also create a simple project to test that everything is working properly.

Initialize Project

Navigate to the directory in which you want your project to exist - in my case, sites/node-test.

Now initalize a new project with npm.

The following will pop up in the terminal, and prompt you for a few

First, it will ask for a package name.

Npm For Macos

Version number.

Npm

Description.

The rest you can just press enter and skip. Now you'll notice we have a package.json file that contains all the information we entered.

A package.json is a file that contains metadata about the project, and handles the dependencies (additional software and modules) of the project.

Now, we're going to install our first dependency - a very important and useful package called left-pad, which will add white space to the left side of a string, adding up to a number.

For example, writing this: Libusb 64 download.

Will output this:

left-pad is a package on npm, which as we stated previously contains the registry for all publicly available packages.

Install dependencies

To install a dependency with npm, we use the command npm install dependency-name-here. Now, simply running npm install will download the dependency, but it won't save it to the project. Since we've already created our package.json, we'll use the flag --save to install the dependency and add it to package.json.

As long as you ran this command inside the project directory, it will successfully install the dependency by creating a node_modules directory. It will also create a package-lock.json file, which we can ignore. Finally, it updated our package.json file with a new line.

Now the project recognizes the left-pad dependency as existing

Download Npm For Mac

You can also run npm install --save-dev to specify that the dependency will only be used for development (not production) purposes.

Npm Install For Mac

Run Node in the terminal

Let's create index.js in the root of our directory. This is everything you should have now:

For future reference, don't bother looking in the node_modules rabbit hole. It will get really overwhelming with bigger projects.

Npm machinery pvt ltd

In order to use a dependency, we use require() and put it in a variable, like so:

This will be the entirety of our index.js file, in which we require left-pad, run a leftPad() function, and send it to the console.

Since Node.js is not recognized by the browser, we'll be testing this in the console. In your shell, run the node command followed by the filename in the root of your project.

If everything went well, you should have printed Hello, World! to the console, with two spaces on the left.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we learned the following:

  • What Node.js is
  • What npm is
  • How to install Node.js and npm on Windows or Mac
  • How to make a local project
  • How to install a dependency with npm
  • How to run a file using a node_modules dependency in a shell

If you got lost at any point, view the source on GitHub.

With this knowledge, you're ready to start using Gulp, Grunt, Webpack, Browserify, or anything else that depends on Node.js or npm.